Over 50,000 km of federal roads and motorways are subject to tolls in Germany. This applies to freight transport and articulated vehicles with a GVWR of 7.5 tonnes or above.
Introduced in 2005 for freight transport vehicles with a GVWR of at least 12 tonnes, the toll was extended to vehicles from 7.5 tonnes in July 2018. The toll is calculated based on:
- The route taken,
- The number of axles
- The pollution category of the vehicle or the tractor and trailer.
Rates vary from 8 to 26 euro cents per kilometre.